Author Of The Sun Also Rises: Ernest Hemingway’s first major book, The Sun Also Rises, was released in 1926 and is considered his best work. Originally published under the title Fiesta in England, this book explores the emotions, sentiments, and attitudes of a group of disillusioned ex-pats living in postwar France and Spain who are hard-drinking and live fast.
There are several elements that distinguish this novel from others in Hemingway’s circle: the characters are based on real people from Hemingway’s circle, and the action is based on real events, particularly Hemingway’s life in Paris during the 1920s, as well as a trip to Spain in 1925 to attend a festival in Pamplona and go fishing in the Pyrenees. Hemingway expresses his belief that the “Lost Generation,” long assumed to have been decadent, dissolute, and irreparably wounded by World War I, was, in reality, resilient and powerful in his novel The Old Man and the Sea.
The themes of love and death, the revivifying force of nature, and the notion of masculinity are all explored by Hemingway in this novel. A demonstration of his “Iceberg Theory” of writing may be seen in his sparse writing style, which is paired with his controlled use of description to portray characters and action. Brett, Jake’s previous partner, is also a resident in Paris. When serving in the military, Jake and Brett met and fell in love while Jake was being treated for his injuries by Brett, a volunteer nurse.
Despite the fact that it is not said clearly, it is hinted that they are not together because Jake is impotent and Brett is reluctant to give up sexual relations. When Cohn discloses to Jake his sexual interest in Brett, Jake warns him against pursuing a connection with Brett, who is engaged to be married to Mike Campbell, a Scottish war veteran. Cohn eventually decides to pursue his relationship with Brett. Brett and Cohn finally decide to leave Paris: Brett goes to San Sebastian (a tiny seaside town in Spain), while Cohn heads to the countryside, respectively.
While working as a foreign correspondent for the Toronto Star in the 1920s, Hemingway journeyed to Smyrna, Turkey, where he reported on the Greco-Turkish War. Using his journalistic background, he hoped to create fiction, thinking that a novel might be based on actual events if the writer distilled his or her own experiences in such a manner that, according to biographer Jeffrey Meyers, “what he or she made up was truer than what she or she recalled.”
Jake, Mike, and Bill depart Pamplona after the conclusion of the festival. Jake makes the decision to return to Spain after spending the night in the south of France. Brett sends him a telegraph, asking for assistance in Madrid, and he responds positively.
Jake quickly travels to Madrid, where he discovers that Brett had sent Romero away for fear of his being corrupted by the government. Jake and Brett are discussing in a cab in Madrid towards the novel’s conclusion, which is unremarkable. Brett tells Jake in the novel’s last words that she believes they might have had a lovely time together if they had just gotten together. Jake responds, “Yes, isn’t it lovely to believe so?” he says.